Mouth Positions

American English Pronunciation :: Mouth Positions

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Vowels:
ɑ, æ, ε, ɪ, i, u, ɜ, ɔ, ʊ, ʌ, ə

Diphthongs:
, , ɔɪ, , , ju

Consonants:
d,t, v, f, b, p, g, k, θ, ð, z, s, ʃ, ʒ, ʧ, ʤ, h, ɹ, j, m, n, ŋ, l, w

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Vowels

[ɑ] ... 'ah' as in 'father'

[æ] ... 'aa' as in 'bat'

[ε] ... 'eh' as in 'bed'

[ɪ] ... 'ih' as in 'sit'

[i] ... 'ee' as in 'she'

[u] ... 'oo' as in 'boo'

[ɜ] ... 'ur' as in 'her'

[ɔ] ... 'aw' as in 'law'

[ʊ] ... 'uh' as in 'pull'

[ʌ] ... 'uh' as in 'butter'

[ə] ... 'uh' as in 'supply'

 

Diphthongs

[aʊ] ... 'ow' as in 'now'

[oʊ] ... 'oh' as in 'no'

[ɔɪ] ... 'oy' as in 'toy'

[aɪ] ... 'ai' as in 'buy'

[eɪ] ... 'ay' as in 'say'

[ju] ... 'ew' as in 'few'

 

Consonants

[d] ... 'd' as in 'dime' & [t] ... 't' as in 'time'

[v] ... 'v' as in 'van' & [f] ... 'f' as in 'fan'

[b] ... 'b' as in 'bit' & [p] ... 'p' as in 'pit'

[g] ... 'g' as in 'gap' & [k] ... 'k' as in 'cap'

[θ] ... 'th' as in 'thin' & [ð] ... 'th' as in 'this'

[z] ... 'z' as in 'zip' & [s] ... 's' as in 'sip'

[ʃ] ... 'sh' as in 'ship' & [ʒ] ... 'dj' as in 'measure'

[ʧ] ... 'ch' as in 'char' & [ʤ] ... 'j' as in 'jar'

[h] ... 'h' as in 'hi'

[ɹ] ... 'r' as in 'run'

[j] ... 'y' as in 'yes'

[m] ... 'm' as in 'map'

[n] ... 'n' as in 'nap'

[ŋ] ... 'ng' as in 'sing'

[l] ... 'l' as in 'lap'

[w] ... 'w' as in 'will'

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